Cholesterol is a fatty compound found in cells of our body. It is important for the body’s general health as it aids in the production of hormones and vitamin D. It serves an essential function and improves digestion.75 per cent of our body’s daily requirement of cholesterol is fulfilled by the liver while the remaining 20-25 per cent is provided through meals.
Types Of Cholesterol –
LOW-DENSITY LIPOPROTEIN (LDL) – These are fats substance that are found in arterial walls and can cause blood clotting and hardens the walls of arteries . High amount of LDL decreases blood flow in the cardiac system. Hence lower the LDL, better it is for one’ body .
LDL range –
Normal range – less than 100
Borderline – 130-160
High – 160-190
Very High – More than 190
HIGH-DENSITY LIPOPROTEIN (HDL) – It is in contrast to LDL (OPPOSITE TO LDL). It transports cholesterol in the blood to the liver where it is processed. The remains passes through kidney and is eventually flushed out of the body.
Higher HDL = Lower The Risk Of Heart Diseases .
HDL Range –
Low – less than 40
High – More Than 50
Unlike many diseases which shows symptoms in its early phase , cholesterol on the other hand does not show any signs. Its quantity increases in the body over time and and it becomes a powerhouse or a storage unit for various diseases . However if it stays in the normal range ( 120-200) then it is considered good, you will be considered borderline if your cholesterol falls in the range of ( 200-240) and if it above 240 then you are at a risk and your health condition might be in need of a proper evaluation.
HIGH CHOLESTEROL CAN LEAD TO –
1) HEART DISEASES
3) INCREASE IN HEART RATE
5) CHEST PAIN
6) HIGH BP
7) HEAVINESS IN BODY
The most widely asked concern about Cholestrol is whether it can induce long-term health effects, how long the medication lasts, and whether it can cause serious complications- the answer to all these questions is YES. If a person has high cholesterol and has sustained it for a long period of time or has ignored its symptoms, in such cases its mortality rate increases.
CAUSES OF HIGH CHOLESTEROL –
WEIGHT GAIN – It has been proven that people with Obesity or those who work in the Offices along with people who have a desk job and stay in the same seat for hours without a break eventually starts gaining weight. This happens due to lack of movement and is a direct result of a hectic routine and poor lifestyle choices.
However, this can be overturned with minimal effort and a little change in your daily schedule. All you have to do is start by making small changes in your diet and timetable. Make it a habit of getting up early in the morning and drinking a warm glass of lemon water.
STRESS – The mind and heart work together as a musical symphony. Both have effects on the performance of the other.In today’s world especially during this pandemic, millions of people have lost their jobs, livelihood and even their loved ones. Unemployment rates have touched the sky and many even had to shift to a low paying job to feed their family . This has caused anxiety and has pushed many adults into depression. The middle-aged group who in certain cases are sole earners of their family. They carry a heavy burden and responsibilities on their shoulders and are considered the backbone of any economy.
Try to spend some time with your family and catch up on those family moments that you may have missed out due to your schedule. Play indoor games like chess , ludo or carrom anything that would help to take your mind off. If you are not a reader you must pick up a book during this nature quarantine. Books offers you perception and has the potential to push you away from this tensed world and into a timeless dimension.
SALT – Intake of high amount of salt would increase the quantity of sodium in your body. This in turn would have a direct effect on your blood pressure. As sodium is a precursor and will act as a catalyst when in comes to high BP. It can increase heart rate( heart palpitations), sweating and can cause swelling especially on the left side of the body .
It raises the chances of having a stroke. Lower your sodium intake and try to include boiled vegetables in your diet.
RICE – Rice contains high amount of carbohydrates. You must have heard girls talking about losing weight and the first thing that they give up is carbs. There is a reason behind these steps. Carbohydrates act as a storage unit in our body and is a source of energy. Although just like its benefits it has disadvantages too. High amount of carbs could lead to weight gain and as mentioned above it can escalate one’s cholesterol level.
POTATOES – It might be nature’s ultimate gift to humanity. Everything that you can think of , almost every snack – from Indian style bread pakora to french kitchen’s fries are made up of potatoes. But as it is said one man’s gain is another man’s loss.
If you have high cholesterol then you must give up on your favourite snacks. Potato contains huge amount of calories and it is generally fried before being served. The oil content can have severe repercussions to your health and hence one needs to keep its distance from it.
BAKERY – Bread , pastry , cakes etc are generally made of white flour(Maida). These products hinder one’s digestion system and can lead to weight gain , constipation. In many cases excess intake of white flour could easily disrupt the blood flow causing blockage or clotting. It elevates fats level in the body. It is low in quality contents like protein and vitamins but on the other hand has unnecessarily high amount of sugar and salt.
Many youngsters particularly those who live in a hostel, pg or away from their family consumes products like Pizza, burger, bread etc in their daily diet. It puts their health at risk. Consumption of junk foods on a daily basis might not show symptoms now but would cause trouble when they reach 30 years of age or are in their early 40’s. So start making changes in your diet and include vegetable and fruits in your meals.
ALCOHOL – It is formed when yeast ferments the sugars in different foods. Consumption of high amount of alcohol would have a negative impact on your body’s health increasing cholesterol and triglyceride level in your body. It affects the liver, gall bladder, pancreas which can lead to chronic diseases.
Though many experts believe wine to be beneficial for the body but only when it is drunk in small or moderate amount.